영 문 속 담 2- Tao
41. When superior students hear of the Tao
strive to practice it.
students hear of the Tao
sometimes keep it and sometimes lose it.
inferior students hear of the Tao
have a big laugh.
laughing" in itself is not sufficient to be called the Tao,
and therefore it is said:
sparkling Tao seems dark
in the Tao seems like regression.
into the Tao seems rough.
virtue is like a valley.
virtue seems deceptive.
of reality seems to change.
great square has no corners.
ability takes a long time to perfect.
sound is hard to hear.
form has no shape.
The Tao is
hidden and nameless.
This is exactly
why the Tao is good at developing and perfecting.
42. The Tao produces one, one produces two.
two produce the three and the three produce all things.
things submit to yin and embrace yang.
soften their energy to achieve harmony.
hate to think of themselves as "orphan," "lowly,"
kings call themselves by these names.
lose and yet gain,
and yet lose.
That which is taught
by the people
I also teach:
"The forceful do not choose their
place of death."
this as the father of all teachings.
43. The softest thing in the world
overcome the hardest.
can enter where there is no space.
I know the benefit of unattached action.
wordless teaching and unattached action
44. Which is dearer, fame or your life?
is greater, your life or possessions?
is more painful, gain or loss?
we always pay a great price for excessive love
suffer deep loss for great accumulation.
what is enough, you will not be humiliated.
where to stop, you will not be imperiled
can be long-lasting.
45. Great perfection seems flawed, yet functions without a hitch.
Great fullness seems empty, yet functions
Great skill seems
Great eloquence seems
cold, stillness overcomes heat.
and stillness set everything right.
46. When the Tao prevails in the land
horses leisurely graze and fertilize the ground.
the Tao is lacking in the land
horses are bred outside the city.
disasters are not as bad as not knowing what is enough.
is not as bad as wanting more.
the sufficiency that comes from knowing what is enough is an eternal
47. Without going out the door, knowing everything,
looking out the window, knowing the Way of Heaven.
further you go, the less you know.
sage understands without having to go through the whole process.
She is famous without showing herself.
Is perfected without striving.
48. In studying, each day something is gained.
following the Tao, each day something is let go of.
go and again let it go.
there is nothing left to do.
nothing is left undone.
possess the world by never manipulating it.
matter how much you manipulate
can never possess the world.
49. The sage has no fixed mind,
takes the mind of the people as her mind.
treat the good as good, I also treat the evil as good.
is true goodness.
I trust the
trustworthy, I also trust the untrustworthy.
is real trust.
When the sage lives
with people, she harmonizes with them
conceals her mind for them.
sages treat them as their little children.
50. Coming into life and entering death,
followers of life are three in ten.
followers of death are three in ten.
whose life activity is their death ground are three in ten.
they live life grasping for its rich taste.
I have heard that those who are expert in handling life
travel the land without meeting tigers and rhinos,
enter battle without being wounded.
rhino has no place to plant its horn,
tiger has no place to place its claws,
find no place to receive their sharp edges.
Because he has no death-ground.
51.Tao gives birth to it,
Materiality shapes it,
Activity perfects it.
there are none of the myriad things who do not venerate the Tao
or esteem its virtue.
of the Tao and esteeming of its virtue is something they do naturally,
without being forced.
Tao gives birth.
Its virtue rears,
develops, raises, adjusts and disciplines,
covers and protects,
but does not possess,
Leads without forcing.
This is called "Mysterious Virtue."
52. All things have a beginning, which we can regard as their
Knowing the mother, we
can know its children.
the children, yet still cleaving to the mother
can die without pain.
Shut the doors,
You can finish your life without anxiety.
Open the doors,
In the end
you can't be helped.
subtle is called illumination.
flexible is called strength.
the illumination, but return to the light.
bring harm to yourself.
called "practicing the eternal."
53. If I had a moment of wisdom
should walk the Great Path and fear only straying from it.
the Way is quite broad
The court is immaculate,
While the fields are overgrown with
And the granaries are empty.
They wear silk finery,
on food and drink
They are called thieving
This is definitely
not the Way.
54. The well-established cannot be uprooted.
well-grasped does not slip away.
after generation carries out the ancestor worship without break.
Cultivate it in yourself and virtue
will be real.
Cultivate it in
the family and virtue will overflow.
it in the town and virtue will be great.
it in the country and virtue will abundant.
it in the world and virtue will be everywhere.
take yourself and observe yourself.
the family and observe the family.
the town and observe the town.
the country and observe the country.
the world and observe the world.
do I know the world as it is?
55. One who remains rich in virtuous power
like a newborn baby.
and venomous snakes do not bite it,
wild beasts do not attack it,
of prey do not sink their claws into it.
its bones are weak
Its grip is strong.
Without knowing of the blending of
male and female
S/he is a perfect
The ultimate in vitality.
S/he cries all day without getting
S/he is the ultimate in
is called the Constant.
the Constant is called illumination.
life is called blessing.
control of your breath is called strength.
things blossom they decay, and
is called the non-Tao.
56. She who knows does not speak.
who speaks does not know.
your holes, shut your doors,
your sharpness, loosen your knots.
your glare and merge with the everyday.
is called mysterious unity.
you cannot possess it, you are intimate with it
at the same time, distant.
you cannot possess it, you are benefitted by it,
harmed by it.
You cannot possess
it, but are esteemed through it
humbled by it.
Therefore the world
57. Use fairness in governing the state.
surprise tactics in war.
and you will have the world.
do I know it is like that?
The more regulations there
The poorer people become.
The more people own lethal weapons,
The more darkened are the country
The more clever the
The more extraordinary
actions they take.
The more picky
the laws are,
The more thieves
and gangsters there are.
the sages say:
"I do not
force my way and the people transform themselves.
enjoy my serenity and the people correct themselves.
do not interfere and the people enrich themselves.
have no desires
And the people
find their original mind.
58. When the government is laid back
people are relaxed.
When the government
The people have
Misfortune depends upon
Fortune conceals misfortune.
What has a definite delimitation?
normal reverts to strangeness.
reverts to perversion.
certainly have been confused for a long time.
the sage squares things without cutting.
without lining up.
does not glare.
59. In governing the country and serving Heaven
There is nothing like frugality.
Only by being frugal can you recover
When you recover quickly you accumulate
Having accumulated virtue,
There is nothing you can't overcome.
When there is nothing you can't overcome
Who knows the limits of your capabilities?
These limits being unfathomable
You can possess the country.
The Mother who possesses the country
can be long-living.
This is called "planting the
roots deeply and firmly."
The way to long life and eternal vision.
60. Ruling a large country is like cooking a small fish.
When you govern people with the Tao
Demons will have no power.
Not that they don't have power,
But their power will not harm people.
Since the sage doesn't harm people,
The two will not harm each other.
Here their power merges and returns.
61. The great state should be like a river basin.
The mixing place of the world,
The feminine of the world.
The feminine always overcomes the
masculine by softness
Because softness is lesser.
Therefore if a large state serves
a small state
It will gain the small state.
If a small state serves a large state
It will gain the large state.
Therefore some serve in order to gain
And some gain despite their servitude.
The large state wants nothing more
Than to unite and feed its people.
The small state wants nothing more
Than to enter into the service of
the right person.
Thus both get what they want.
Greatness lies in service.
62. The Tao is hidden deeply in all things.
It is the treasure of the good
And the refuge of the not-so-good.
With skillful words you can be successful.
With honorable actions you can be
People may not be so good, but how
can you deny them?
Therefore, even though there are great
jewels brought in by teams of horses
at the coronation of the emperor and
the installation of the three princes,
This is not as good as staying where
And advancing in this Tao.
Why did the ancients so value the
You can't say that it was for seeking
Or to have punishments to deter crime.
Therefore it is the most prized in
63. Do without "doing."
Get involved without manipulating.
Taste without tasting.
Make the great small,
The many, few.
Respond to anger with virtue.
Deal with difficulties while they
are still easy.
Handle the great while it is still
The difficult problems in life
Always start off being simple.
Great affairs always start off being
Therefore the sage never deals with
And is able to actualize his greatness.
Now light words generate little belief,
Much ease turns into much difficulty.
Therefore the sage treats things as
though they were difficult,
And hence, never has difficulty.
64. That which is at rest is easy to grasp.
That which has not yet come about
is easy to plan for.
That which is fragile is easily broken.
That which is minute is easily scattered.
Handle things before they arise.
Manage affairs before they are in
A thick tree grows from a tiny seed.
A tall building arises from a mound
A journey of a thousand miles starts
with one step.
Contriving, you are defeated;
Grasping, you lose.
The sage doesn't contrive, so she
Not grasping, she doesn't lose.
When people are carrying out their
They usually blow it at the end.
If you are as careful at the end
As you were at the beginning,
You won't be disappointed.
Therefore the sage desires non-desire,
Does not value rare goods,
Studies the unlearnable
So that she can correct the mistakes
of average people
And aid all things in manifesting
their true nature
Without forcing it.
65. The ancients who were skillful at the Tao
Did not illuminate the people
But rather kept them simple.
When the people are difficult to rule
It is because of their cleverness.
If you use cleverness to rule the
You are a robber of the state.
If you don't use cleverness to rule
You are a blessing to the state.
Always knowing the proper norm is
How deep and far-reaching Mysterious
It makes all return
Until they reach the Great Norm.
66. The reason the river and sea can be regarded as
The rulers of all the valley streams
Is because of their being below them.
Therefore they can be their rulers.
So if you want to be over people
You must speak humbly to them.
If you want to lead them
You must place yourself behind them.
Thus the sage is positioned above
And the people do not feel oppressed.
He is in front and they feel nothing
Therefore they like to push him front
and never resent him.
Since he does not contend
No one can contend with him.
67. The reason everybody calls my Tao great
Is because there is nothing quite
It is exactly because it is great
That there is nothing quite like it.
If there were something that were
consistently like it
How could it be small?
I have three treasures which I hold
The first is compassion,
The second is frugality,
The third is not daring to put myself
ahead of everybody.
Having compassion, I can be brave.
Having frugality, I can be generous.
Not daring to put myself ahead of
I can take the time to perfect my
Now if I am brave without compassion
Generous without frugality, or
Go to the fore without putting my
own concerns last,
I might as well be dead.
If you wage war with compassion you
If you protect yourself with compassion
you will be impervious.
Heaven will take care of you,
Protecting you with compassion.
68. The best warrior is never aggressive.
The best fighter is never angry.
The best tactician does not engage
The best utilizer of people's talents
places himself below them.
This is called the virtue of non-contention.
It is called the ability to engage
It is called merging with Heaven.
The ancients were unrivaled in this.
69. Strategists have a saying:
"I prefer to be able to move,
rather than be in a fixed position
Prefer to retreat a foot rather than
advancing an inch."
This is called progress without advancing;
Preparing without showing off;
Smashing where there is no defense;
Taking him without a fight.
There is no greater danger than under-estimating
If I under-estimate my opponent
I will lose that which is most dear.
When opponents clash
The one who is sorry about it will
be the winner.
70. My words are easy to understand
And easy to practice.
Yet nobody understands them
or practices them.
My words have an origin;
My actions have a principle.
It is only because of your not understanding
That you do not understand me.
Since there are few who understand
I am valued.
Therefore the sage wears coarse clothes.
Yet hides a jewel in his bosom.
71. There is nothing better than to know that you don't know.
Not knowing, yet thinking you know--
This is sickness.
Only when you are sick of being sick
Can you be cured.
The sage's not being sick
Is because she is sick of sickness.
Therefore she is not sick.
72. When the people do not fear your might
Then your might has truly become great.
Don't interfere with their household
Don't oppress their livelihood.
It is only your oppression that makes
Thus the sage understands herself
But does not show herself.
But does not prize herself.
Therefore she lets go of that
And takes this.
73. If you are courageous in daring you will die.
If you are courageous in not-daring
you will live.
One is beneficial and the other is
Even the sage has difficulty in knowing
The Way of Heaven is to win easily
To respond well without words,
To naturally come without special
To plan well without anxiety.
Heaven's net is vast.
It is loose.
Yet nothing slips through.
74. If the people don't fear death
How will you scare them with death?
If you make the people continuously
By seizing anybody who does something
out of the ordinary
And killing them,
Who will dare to move?
There is always an official executioner
to handle this.
If you play the role of the official
It is like playing the role of the
There are few who will not cut their
75. The reason people starve
Is because their rulers tax them excessively.
They are difficult to govern
Because their rulers have their own
ends in mind.
The reason people take death lightly
Is because they want life to be rich.
Therefore they take death lightly.
It is only by not living for your
That you can go beyond valuing life.
76 When people are born they are gentle and soft.
At death they are hard and stiff.
When plants are alive they are soft
When they die, they wither and dry
Therefore the hard and stiff are followers
The gentle and soft are the followers
Thus, if you are aggressive and stiff,
you won't win.
When a tree is hard enough, it is
The hard and stiff are lesser,
The gentle and soft are greater.
77. The Way of Heaven
Is like handling a bow.
The top is pulled down,
The bottom is pulled up.
Excess string is removed
Where more is needed, it is added.
It is the Way of Heaven
To remove where there is excess
And add where there is lack.
The way of people is different:
They take away where there is need
And add where there is surplus.
Who can take his surplus and give
it to the people?
Only one who possesses the Tao.
Therefore the sage acts without expectation.
Does not abide in his accomplishments.
Does not want to show his virtue.
78. Nothing in the world is softer than water,
Yet nothing is better at overcoming
the hard and strong.
This is because nothing can alter
That the soft overcomes the hard
And the gentle overcomes the aggressive
Is something that everybody knows
But none can do themselves.
Therefore the sages say:
The one who accepts the dirt of the
Becomes its master.
The one who accepts its calamity
Becomes king of the world.
Truth seems contradictory.
79. After calming great anger
There are always resentments.
How can this be considered as goodness?
Therefore the sage keeps her part
of the deal
And doesn't check up on the other
Thus virtuous officials keep their
And the crooked ones break it.
The Heavenly Tao has no favorites:
It raises up the Good.
80. Let there be a small country with few people,
Who, even having much machinery, don't
Who take death seriously and don't
wander far away.
Even though they have boats and carriages,
they never ride in them.
Having armor and weapons, they never
go to war.
Let them return to measurement by
tying knots in rope.
Sweeten their food, give them nice
clothes, a peaceful abode and a relaxed life.
Even though the next country can be
seen and its doges and chickens can be heard,
The people will grow old and die without
visiting each others land.
81. True words are not fancy.
Fancy words are not true.
The good do not debate.
Debaters are not good.
The one who really knows is not broadly
The extensively learned do not really
The sage does not hoard,
She gives people her surplus.
Giving her surplus to others she is
The way of Heaven is to help and not
The Way of the sage is to act without